Levende drabantbyer: Ungdoms deltakelse i organiserte fritidsaktiviteter i flerkulturelle lokalsamfunn
ISBN internet: 978-82-7763-551-4
This report analyses youths’ participation in voluntary organisations in three satellite towns in three different cities in Norway: Veitvet in Oslo, Fjell in Drammen and Saupstad in Trondheim, following up a 2012-study of the same urban areas (Ødegård, Steen-Johnsen og Ravneberg, 2012). Based on the Ungdata-surveys and interviews with representatives from local organisations and authorities, we have investigated the prevalence of youths’ participation and the recruitment strategies employed by the organisations, as well as how these strategies have evolved during the last five years.
In Veitvet, Fjell and Saupstad, youths participate to a lesser extent than in Norway in general. Minority youths participate less than ethnic Norwegian youths, and minority girls participate least of all. Sports is the most popular activity. Youth centres are very popular in each of the three areas, more so than in their respective cities. Moreover, mosques and libraries are important contributors of youth leisure activities and socializing.
In the organisations, there is a high level of consciousness about the barriers that may stop youth from participating, and they use a broad array of recruitment strategies to overcome these barriers. Recruitment strategies include motivating youths to participate through creating tempting and multifaceted activities that can cater to different youths; adults strive to gain close relations to the youths and establish a safe environment; and several let the youths co-determine the nature of their activities. Moreover, there is a new focus on gaining trust from minority parents by building relations with them. Collaboration between organisations and local authorities is recognized as a vital strategy in recruitment work, but collaboration between traditional organisations and immigrant organisations are less developed. Longstanding personal relations are beneficial when collaborating – but may also be vulnerable if too much depends on few people.